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What are the three major types of containers for logistics collective packaging

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packaging container generally refers to the general name of packaging appliances, materials and other auxiliary materials used according to certain technical specifications in the process of commodity circulation in order to protect commodities, facilitate storage, facilitate transportation, promote sales, prevent environmental pollution and prevent safety accidents
packaging containers are the combination of packaging materials and modeling, including packaging bags, boxes, bottles, cans and boxes. The packaging boxes included in the modern logistics packaging mainly include corrugated boxes, wooden cases, pallet collective packaging, containers and plastic turnover boxes. They have their own characteristics in meeting the functions of commodity transportation packaging, and must be reasonably selected and used according to the actual needs
1. Corrugated box. Corrugated box is a packaging container made of corrugated board with hollow structure through molding process. Corrugated boxes use various types of cardboard including single corrugated, double corrugated and three corrugated as packaging materials. The weight of goods loaded in large cartons can reach 3000 kg
corrugated boxes are widely used, including almost all daily consumer goods, including fruits, vegetables, processed food, knitted cotton fabrics, glass ceramics, medical drugs and other daily necessities, as well as bicycles, household appliances, exquisite furniture and so on. The corrugated box has many advantages: the corrugated box is easy to be designed and sealed, and has sufficient strength; The corrugated box has smooth surface, beautiful printing and obvious marks, which is easy to convey information; Its volume and weight are smaller than wooden cases, which is conducive to saving freight; Cartons consume less resources than wooden cases, and their price is naturally lower than wooden cases. After recycling, resources can be saved. Of course, corrugated boxes also have some shortcomings, mainly due to their insufficient compressive strength and poor waterproof performance. These two defects will affect the realization of the basic function of corrugated boxes – the function of protecting goods
2. Wooden case. Wooden box is a traditional packaging container. Although it has been gradually replaced by corrugated box in many cases, wooden box still has its advantages and irreplaceable in some aspects compared with corrugated box. At this stage, wooden cases are also more suitable for the current situation of packaging production and commodity circulation in China, so wooden cases still occupy a place in the whole transportation packaging container
there are three kinds of common wooden boxes: wooden box, frame box and frame box. Wooden crates are generally used for small transport packaging containers, which can carry a variety of goods with different properties and have high pressure resistance, but the box is heavy and poor waterproof; Frame board box is a box frame board made of strip wood and man-made wood board, which is assembled by nailing; The frame box is composed of wood strips with a certain section to form the framework of the box, and then covered with wood plates outside the framework as needed
3. Pallet collective packaging. Pallet collective packaging is a packaging form that gathers several goods together and stacks them on the carrier pallet to form a large goods. Pallet packaging is a packaging form produced to adapt to the mechanization of loading, unloading and handling operations. Pallet aggregate packaging is an important kind of collective packaging. Its characteristic different from ordinary transportation packaging is that it has great handling activity and can be transferred to the moving state at any time, so as to turn static goods into dynamic goods. Pallet collective packaging is not only a packaging method, but also a means of transportation and a packaging container. From the collection of small packaging units, it is a packaging method; However, from the point of view of the state suitable for transportation, it is also a means of transportation; From its protection function for goods, it is also a kind of packaging container
4. Container. Container is a large packing box with good sealing performance. Using containers can realize the most advanced mode of transportation, namely “door-to-door” transportation. Container belongs to large-scale collective packaging, which is not only a means of transportation, but also a packaging method and packaging container. In terms of adapting to modern logistics, it has more advantages than pallet collective packaging. The term container does not include vehicles and general packaging. From the perspective of being a transportation equipment, it should meet the following requirements:
5. Plastic turnover box. Plastic turnover box is a kind of transportation packaging appliance which is suitable for short distance transportation and can be reused for a long time. At the same time, it is an open transportation package that does not need to be tied and users do not need to open the package. Turnover boxes can be used for all goods linked to the manufacturer’s direct sales and fast in and fast out, such as beverages, meat, bean products, milk, pastries, poultry eggs and other foods.

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